Who is Malala? What do you think about her?

Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani-born activist and blogger who has been living in England since the attack that she suffered when she was only 15 years old, in October 2012. Malala became very popular because of her civil rights activism, especially for women's rights in northern Pakistan, where the Taliban has banned girls from attending school.
When she was only 12 years old, in 2009, Malala wrote a blog for the BBC using a pseudonym, in which she talked in detail about her life under the Taliban regime.

Consequently in the years 2013, 2014 and 2015 Malala was included as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. In June 2013, Malala addressed the UN Assembly asking for access to education for everybody, including both girls and boys. One year later, in 2014, when she was 17 years old, she received the Nobel Peace Prize, for her activism in support of women and children, being the youngest person who has received this award ever.

In addition to a countless list of awards, the most important being the aforementioned Nobel Peace Prize in 2014, Malala has received other awards, including the National Peace Prize for her defence of children's education in 2011; or the UNICEF Spain prize for her defence of children's rights to education in 2013, among others. She has also published several books, including 'I am Malala: how one girl stood up for education and changed the world' in 2014; or 'Malala: My story of standing up for girls rights' in 2018.

I think Malala is a brave, fearless and courageous woman with great humanistic principles. And she has been like that since she was very young, as her struggle as an activist began when she was only 12 years old. At 15 she had the courage to face a terrorist attack and wanted to share her experience with the whole world. Now, at 22, Malala has managed to show that it is possible to change the world and fight for values of respect and equality.
I believe that Malala has been a pioneer in speaking out about the problems suffered by countries under the Taliban regime. She has also been and continues to be a great ambassador for the rights of both children and women. In short, her life, her effort, her principles and values have made Malala an exceptional woman, a true example to follow.

What is/ are the most important message(s) said in her discourse?

In her speech at the UN, the first and most important thing that Malala said is that we are all equal, we all have the same rights, thank God! She does not speak of her attack as an exceptional case but put emphasis on that thousands of people have been killed by the terrorists and millions have been injured. She is just one more.

Moreover, she emphasizes the right to live in peace, the right to be treated with dignity, the right to equal opportunities and the right to education for everybody. Furthermore, in her speech she accentuates that she is here to defend the right to education for all children, asking for education for the sons and daughters of all extremists, especially the Taliban.
She also points out in the speech that the power of education scares the Taliban, They are afraid of women, scared of the power of women's voice.

She claims that the Taliban are misusing Islam for their own personal gain. Unlike what the Taliban believe, Islam says that it is not only the right of every child to receive an education, but that it is a duty and a responsibility.

In conclusion, she asked to the world leaders to change their policies in favour to peace and prosperity. She called for all peace agreements to protect the rights of women and children. She demands that all governments must ensure free and compulsory education for all children in the world. Also, ºMalala asks for all governments to fight against terrorism and violence. She also requests to all communities to be tolerant and reject prejudice. She calls for the freedom and equality of women to be guaranteed. She ends her speech by saying that we must all be united in the cause of education. "Education is the only solution. Education first".

How do you think education can change the whole world? Give examples

"Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world," Nelson Mandela said, a great quote that summarizes the topic that we are going to discuss. This statement is a clear example that opening the mind to knowledge can make us free. The power of education is not only based on acquiring knowledge, but it makes us stronger so that we can free our minds and therefore be happier. Education has an unlimited power that makes us capable of being more independent, tolerant, respectful, cultured. In short, education makes us better people.

Some examples of how education can change the world are the following: on one hand, it has been shown that those countries with more education among their population have reduced the number of child deaths; moreover, speaking of children, it has been proven that mothers with more education can give their children better nutrition and consequently make these children grow up healthier. On the other hand, more educated societies have less disparity in salaries between men and women. In addition, societies with higher levels of education have been shown to be more tolerant; an equal education shows that a country's prosperity is higher. Finally, it has been shown that more educated societies are more committed to the environment. Nowadays, this is major problem that can be improve by using a right education in terms of taking care of the environment.

Education can change the world, because thanks to education we are more supportive, empathetic, generous, kind and, finally, thanks to education, a good education, we can become free people. It is vitally important that we achieve an equal education for everyone, for all societies, for all people, making the world a more educated and trained society is a global task, it is something that all citizens of the world must be aware of. We need a society that is more egalitarian. A world where there are no differences in skin colour, sex or way of loving. All this depends on how our children are educated and trained. Everything that children learn today will be key to their development and, in the end, will be positive for the societies in the future.

Finally, and to sum up, it can be said that learning and culture provide confidence and security. When a child acquires knowledge and has a good academic background, this child will be better prepared to relate to people of all kinds. Ultimately, a well educated child will be a better person. There is nothing stronger than better education to make the world a better place.

Which are the political or social leaders mentioned by Malala in this discourse?

In her speech Malala mentions spiritual leaders such as the prophet of mercy Muhammad and also mentions Jesus Christ and Buddha, as the three main religious leaders or more representative of the main and most followed religions of the world. Later, she speaks of the legacy of great world opinion leaders, people who changed the world like Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela and Muhamad Ali Jinnah. Finally, she says that all the anti-violence philosophy that she has learned has been thanks to such influential figures as Gandhi Jee, Bacha Khan and Mother Teresa.

What do you think is/are the most important contribution(s) to the world Malala has

Malala's greatest and most important contributions have been in her advocacy for equality for both children and women. Her struggle has focused on safeguarding the rights of these oppressed social groups especially in the countries under the Taliban regime. One of the main causes she advocates is that all children, regardless of their background or country, should have the right to study. In her own words: "I will continue this fight until I see that all children can go to school”. Thanks to these principles she has become a world leader

Since she was very young, when she started her blog for the BBC, she has told in first person how people live in countries like Pakistan where the Taliban exercise their terrorism to frighten the population. Thanks to her blog the whole world has been able to see how people are suffering in places with the presence of terrorists like Pakistan."A young woman and an older man, a Pakistani and an Indian, a Muslim and a Hindu, both symbols of what this world needs: more unity, brotherhood among nations," is another of Malala's quotes that summarizes her effort for equality of both race and gender, as well as ethnicity and religion.

In conclusion, Malala's greatest contribution has been to give voice to many people who are silenced, who cannot speak out of fear. She represents equality, freedom, peace, generosity, she represents a series of values that have made her worthy of the Noble Prize. Her greatest contribution has been to be a strong woman, a woman that is not afraid to speak her mind and has values of equality and respect as principles that should govern the world.